In the beginning, there were three Divine Kings and five
Legendry Emperors in the East.
According to Book of Latitude (Weishu 纬书) of Han Dynasty
(206 BC – 220AD), three Divine Kings are, naturally, the
divine beings, and they were King of Heaven (天皇), King of
Earth (地皇) and King of Man (人皇) respectively.
But in an alternative Daoist version,
there were actually three groups of Divine Kings, reflecting
the change or the evolution of the beings.
The first group vaguely assumed human shape; The second
group had a clear human face but a dragon or snake body;
In the latest group, King of Heaven God Fuxi (伏羲) was credited
for formulating Chinese written characters; King of Earth
Goddess Nuwa (女娲) is said to be the mother of all mothers;
and King of Man Shennong (神农) initiated Chinese civilisation
through establishing the farming industry to end the animal
As for the Five Legendry Emperors, there are more than two
versions, but the following assumptions appear to be the
Green Emperor (青帝太昊 with Wood as his essence) in the east;
Red Emperor (赤帝炎帝 with Fire as his essence) in the south;
White Emperor (白帝少昊 with metal as his essence) in the
Black Emperor (玄帝颛顼 with Water as his essence) in the
Emperor (黄帝轩辕 with Earth as
his essence) in the centre.
Among the Five Emperors, Red Emperor and Yellow Emperor
were acting like yin-yang
due forces, both opposing and complimenting each other.
Together they worked as a great team on laying the foundation
of Chinese culture and Chinese nation. Today Chinese Han
people all over the world commonly view themselves as the
descendants of the Red and Yellow Emperors (炎黄子孙).
Red Emperor’s contributions to the Chinese civilisation
are multi-disciplinary. A genius engineer and technician
as he was said to be, he invented farming tools and originated
porcelain crafts. On top of that, he was also the first drug
manufacturer and pharmacist in the Chinese herbal medicine
business. And what’s great about him is that he developed
his wonder drugs without animal testing. He simply tested
On September 7, three thousand Chinese in mainland and from
overseas gathered at the legendary home town of Red Emperor,
Baoji City (宝鸡市), in central China’s Shaanxi Province (陕西省),
commemorating the great ancestor of the Chinese nation. The
ritual was observed by 25 thousand people.