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The Sound Code of (纳音)
Sixty Pairs of Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches (天干地支)

9 January 2008
 

Each of ten Heavenly Stems and twelve Earthly Branches (also called twelve Chinese zodiacs) has its own trait of Five Agents. Traditionally, Chinese couple a Heavenly Stem (representing the influence from the sky) with an Earthly Branch (signifying the impact from the land) to mark year, month, day and hour.

In most cases a Heavenly Stem and an Earthly Branch, that pair together, do not have the same traits, thus a so-called Sound Code (纳音) system was introduced to indicate the pairs' overall Five Agents trait.

Below is a list of the Sound Code for the sixty pairs of the Heavenly Stems and Earth Branches:

Metal
in Ocean
海中金

Wood + Water Rat
both Yang
甲子

1924
1984

Metal
in Ocean
海中金

Wood + Earth Ox
both Yin
乙丑

1925
1985

Fire
in Stove
炉中火

Fire + Wood Tiger
both Yang
丙寅

1926
1986

Fire
in Stove
炉中火

Fire + Wood Rabbit
both Yin
丁卯

1927
1987

Wood
in Forest
大林木

Earth + Earth Dragon
both Yang
戊辰

1928
1988

Wood
in Forest
大林木

Earth + Fire Snake
both Yin
已巳

1929
1989

Earth
at Roadsite
路旁土

Metal + Fire Horse
both Yang
庚午

1930
1990

Earth
at Roadsite
路旁土

Metal + Earth Goat
both Yin
辛未

1931
1991

Metal
on Sword Tip
剑锋金

Water + Metal Monkey
both Yang
壬申

1932
1992

Metal
on Sword Tip
剑锋金

Water + Metal Rooster
both Yang
癸酉

1933
1993

Fire
on Hill Top
山头火

Wood + Earth Dog
both Yang
甲戍

1934
1994

Fire
on Hill Top
山头火

Wood + Water Pig
both Yin
乙亥

1935
1995

Dripping
Water
涧下水

Fire + Water Rat
both Yang
丙子

1936
1996

Dripping
Water
涧下水

Fire + Earth Ox
both Yin
丁丑

1937
1997

Earth
on City Wall
城头土

Earth + Wood Tiger
both Yang
戊寅

1938
1998

Earth
on City Wall
城头土

Earth + Wood Rabbit
both Yin
己卯

1939
1999

White Wax
Metal
白蜡金

Metal + Earth Dragon
both Yang
庚辰

1940
2000

White Wax
Metal
白蜡金

Metal + Fire Snake
both Yin
辛巳

1941
2001

Willow
Wood
杨柳木

Water + Fire Horse
both Yang
壬午

1942
2002

Willow
Wood
杨柳木

Water + Earth Goat
both Yin
癸未

1943
2003

Water
in Well
井泉水

Wood + Metal Monkey
both Yang
甲申

1944
2004

Water
in Well
井泉水

Wood + Metal Rooster
both Yin
乙酉

1945
2005

Earth
on Roof
屋上土

Fire + Earth Dog
both Yang
丙戍

1946
2006

Earth
on Roof
屋上土

Fire + Water Pig
both Yin
丁亥

1947
2007

Lightening
Fire
霹雳火

Earth + Water Monkey
both Yang
戊子

1948
2008

Lightening
Fire
霹雳火

Earth + Earth Ox
both Yin
己丑

1949
2009

Pine-
Wood
松柏木

Metal + Metal Tiger
both Yang
庚寅

1950
2010

Pine-
Wood
松柏木

Metal + Wood Rabbit
both Yin
辛卯

1951
2011

Flowing
Water
长流水

Water + Earth Dragon
both Yang
壬辰

1952
2012

Flowing
Water
长流水

Water + Fire Snake
both Yin
癸巳

1953
2013

Metal
in Stone
砂石金

Wood + Fire Horse
both Yang
甲午

1954
2014

Metal
in Stone
砂石金

Wood + Earth Goat
both Yin
乙未

1955
2015

Fire
at Hill Foot
山下火

Fire + Metal Monkey
both Yang
丙申

1056
2016

Fire
at Hill Foot
山下火

Fire + Metal Rooster
both Yin
丁酉

1057
2017

Wood
on Land
平地木

Earth + Earth Dog
both Yang
戊戍

1058
2018

Wood
on Land
平地木

Earth + Water Pig
both Yin
己亥

1059
2019

Earth
on Wall
壁上土

Metal + Water Rat
both Yang
庚子

1960
2020

Earth
on Wall
壁上土

Metal + Earth Ox
both Yin
辛丑

1961
2021

Sheet
Metal
金箔金

Water + Wood Tiger
both Yang
壬寅

1962
2022

Sheet
Metal
金箔金

Water + Wood Rabbit
both Yin
癸卯

1963
2023

Wavering
Fire
覆灯火

Wood + Earth Dragon
both Yang
甲辰

1964
2024

Wavering
Fire
覆灯火

Wood + Fire Snake
both Yin
乙巳

1965
2025

Water
from Sky
天河水

Fire + Fire Horse
both Yang
丙午

1966
2026

Water
from Sky
天河水

Fire + Earth Goat
both Yin
丁未

1967
2027

Earth
on Boulevard
大驿土

Earth + Metal Monkey
both Yang
戊申

1968
2028

Earth
on Boulevard
大驿土

Fire + Metal Rooster
both Yin
己酉

1969
2029

Metal
in Jewellery
钗钏金

Metal + Earth Dog
both Yang
庚戍

1970
2030

Metal
in Jewellery
钗钏金

Metal + Water Pig
both Yin
辛亥

1971
2031

Mulberry
Wood
桑拓木

Water + Water Rat
both Yang
壬子

1972
2032

Mulberry
Wood
桑拓木

Water + Earth Ox
both Yin
癸丑

1973
2033

River
Water
大溪水

Wood + Wood Tiger
both Yang
甲寅

1974
2034

River
Water
大溪水

Wood + Wood Rabbit
both Yin
乙卯

1975
2035

Earth
in Sands
沙中土

Fire + Earth Dragon
both Yang
丙辰

1976
2036

Earth
in Sands
沙中土

Fire + Fire Snake
both Yin
丁巳

1977
2037

Fire
in Sky
天上火

Earth + Fire Horse
both Yang
戊午

1978
2038

Fire
in Sky
天上火

Earth + Earth Goat
both Yin
己未

1979
2039

Guava
Wood

石榴木

Metal + Metal Monkey
both Yang
庚申

1980
2040

Guava
Wood

石榴木

Metal + Metal Rooster
both Yin
辛酉

1981
2041

Ocean
Water

大海水

Water + Earth Dog
both Yang
壬戍

1982
2042

Ocean
Water

大海水

Water + Water Pig
both Yang
癸亥

1983
2042

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