Doctor Yi Fuxian was trained both in China and the United
States, and currently is a member of the Society of Chinese
American Professors & Scientists. His newly published
book-length research paper titled A Big Country in an
Empty Nest (《大国空巢》) questions China's birth
control policy, criticising it for bringing no benefit to
the present but being harmful to the future.
author argues that China’s rapid population growth in the
sixties and seventies of the last century was mainly the
result of increased lifespan, rather than high birth rates.
In 1949, the average lifespan of Chinese was 35 years; thirty
years later in 1980, it nearly doubled to reach 68. During
that period, the population grew 45 percent from 550 million
to 1 billion. But even so, when it is viewed in the broader
context of world-wide population explosion at that time,
China’s growth rate was relatively slow. In the 19th century,
China accounted for 40 percent of the world’s population;
in 1980, it reduced to just 20 Percent.
Doctor Yi further believes that the birth control policy
is the main reason for China
entering into an aging society before achieving modernization,
which places a huge burden on China’s old-age pension system.
Currently in China, nine people in work support each pensioner,
considering the fact that at the moment there are only 40
million elderly people in urban area eligible for regulate
pension payments. Imagine in the not too distant further
every old-age pensioner in China can only be supported by
two people in work, as the number of the age-pension receivers
increases to 300 million or 400 million!
It is misleading that China is overpopulated, says the author,
as a matter of fact, the so-called recourse shortage mainly
derives from underproduction and mismanagement. Besides,
he points out, the economic development is not solely determined
by natural resources per capita, human resources are in fact
the greatest advantage China has had.
He warns that the country is now on the brink of negative
population growth, as industrialization has changed the traditional
family mode and shaken the two pillars of China’s reproduction
custom, namely, ancestral and ethical cultures. Even if China
terminates the current birth control practice by now, he
bemoans, it could hardly prevent China’s population from
a dramatic decrease in the future.
Lately there has been a lot of talk of sustainable
development. But the question is, the author demands,
if individual Chinese family
lines are broken, how can a nation be able to collectively
secure its future? If there are no people there, what is
the economic growth for?
True Universal Humanity
Unity of Yin & Yang