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110 Most Frequently Used Terms (1)
in Chinese Media in 2006

17 January 2007

This is part of the list of the 110 most commonly used terms in mainstream Chinese newspapers, popular magazines and major television stations. The list was compiled and released by the Chinese authorities.

The first list was issued in 2002. It is believed that from 2007, online BBS will be included in the calculation.

Part One: General

1 和谐社会 A harmonious society

A new priority formally declared by President Hu Jintao in 2006, with emphasising on environment and humanity instead of economic growth and GDP figures.   

2 社会主义新农村 New socialist countryside

In an attempt to reduce the widening gap in living standards between China’s urban and rural areas, since 2006, a series of new policies were released, which include collecting zero farming tax, offering free schooling for 150 million rural kids, providing subsidies for health services and initiating clear drinking water programs.

3 青藏铁路 Qinghai-Tibet Railway

The world's highest railway which stretches 1956 kilometers from Xining to Lhasa was complete in the late 2005 and started operating in the middle of 2006.

4 自主创新 Being self-reliant and creative

It is a new national strategy striving for reviving the spirits of creation and innovation lost since the collapse of the Ming dynasty.

5 社会主义荣辱观(八荣八耻) The socialist outlook of honour and disgrace (eight honours vs eight disgraces)

It is a sort of moral code promoted by President Hu Jintao in 2006, aiming at tackling a destructive psychological makeup derived from the reckless materialism and unmitigated individualism wide spread since the 90s.

6 中非合作论坛 The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation

The Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation was held in November with 48 African countries attending the two-day gathering.

7 长征精神 The Spirits of Long March

In October 2006, China held a series of activities to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Long March, a turning point in the contemporary Chinese history.

8 消费税 GST

China announced, for the first time since it introduced the GST in the context of overall tax reform 12 years ago, the new rates of GST, taken effect April 1, 2006.

9 非物质文化遗产 Intangible cultural heritage

Beijing Opera, one of China's cultural heritage

in 2006, China began to embrace the idea of intangible cultural heritage and listed over 500 cultural heritage items, including folklores, festivities, traditional music, operas, arts and crafts.

10 倒扁 Dao Bian, which literally means down with Bian

It is a mass movement in Taiwan calling for its leader Chen Shui-bian to step down amidst the accusations of corruption against his family and his close associates.

Part Two: National News

1 《江泽民文选》The Selected Work of Jiang Zemin

Jiang was the head of China during the time when the country experienced phenomenal growth in economy and alarming increase in corruption.

2 创新型国家 The innovative nation

It is a broad effort to make China’s economic growth sustainable through technology innovation.

3 公民道德建设 Promotion of the code of ethics

A campaign urges the public to observe the basic code of ethics, including not to run red light and not to spit in public.

4 两岸经贸论坛 The Trade Forum between the Mainland and Taiwan

5 农村义务教育 Free education for rural students

Students at a village school

After much talk in 2006, from the 2007, all children living in China’s rural area are eligible to receive nine-year compulsory education for free.

6 两岸农业合作 Agriculture co-operation between the mainland and Taiwan

7 俄罗斯年 Russian Year

A culture-exchange feast to promote Russia in China was held in 2006.

8 丛飞精神 Spirit of Cong Fei

A young Chinese pop singer called Cong Fei has touched the heart of millions with his devotion to helping the poor children finish their education at the time he was suffering terminal illness. He died in 2006.

9 软实力 Soft power

Since the reform started decades ago, China’s translators become probably the world’s most enthusiastic and devoted introducers of everything Western to their own people, while having bothered to do little in helping the world to understand China and Chinese culture. The year 2006 sees China begin to take more initiatives to address the cross-cultural exchange imbalance.

10 反腐倡廉 Fight against corruption and advocate the uprightness

In 2006, China undertook strong measures against corruption at the very top levels, including the purge of the former chiefs of Shanghai and Qingdao.

Part Three: International affairs

1 哈马斯 Hamas

As it constantly made its way onto the front pages of newspapers around the world in 2006, so does it in China.

2 潘基文 Ban Ki-moon

As the former South Korean foreign minister is the second Asian diplomats to be elected as the head of the United Nations organisation, the appointment has generated quite a lot of interest in China.

3 六方会谈 The Six-party Talks

The on and off Six-party Talks concerning the North Korea’s nuclear program repeatedly made headlines in China.

4 卡斯特罗 Fidel Castro Ruz

The health states of Cuba’s President Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz made big news in China.

5 陈冯富珍 Margaret Chan

Dr. Chan is the first Chinese to head a UN agency and has been formally appointed as the new head of the World Health Organization early 2007, understandably, Chinese are excited.

6 伊朗核问题 Iran nuclear program

7 泰国政变 Thailand’s military coup

8 联合军演 joint military exercise

There are quite a few joint military exercises in 2006 that drew the media attention in China, including the ones by China and Russia, by China and America, by China and Vietnam, Lao, Pakistan and India and by America and Japan.

9 安倍访华 Shinzo Abe’s visit to China

The relationship between the peoples and governments of China and Japan turned frosty when Japan was under the leadership of Junichiro Koizumi who visited the Yasukuni Shrine annually. The shrine honours 2.5 million war dead, including 14 convicted Class A war criminals who were responsible for the invasion of and carnage in China. JK's visits, in the context and tradition of subtle Eastern-style politics, conveyed a loud message of mockery and ridicule to the victims. But since Japan’s new prime minister Shinzo Abe visited China in October 2006 and decided not to, so far, offend the feelings of the victims by honouring their killers, the relationship between the two countries slowly returns to the normal.

10 朝鲜核试验 north Koran nuclear test

Part four: economy
Part five: science and technology

Pre Population Explosion for Panda
Next: 110 most frequently used Terms (2)


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