This is part of the list of the 110 most commonly used
terms in mainstream Chinese newspapers, popular magazines
and major television stations. The list was compiled and
released by the Chinese authorities.
The first list was issued in 2002. It is believed that from
2007, online BBS will be included in the calculation.
Part One: General
1 和谐社会 A harmonious society
A new priority formally declared by President Hu Jintao
in 2006, with emphasising on environment and humanity instead
of economic growth and GDP figures.
2 社会主义新农村 New socialist countryside
In an attempt to reduce the widening gap in living standards
between China’s urban and rural areas, since 2006, a series
of new policies were released, which include collecting
zero farming tax, offering free schooling for 150 million
rural kids, providing subsidies for health services and
initiating clear drinking water programs.
3 青藏铁路 Qinghai-Tibet Railway
highest railway which stretches 1956 kilometers from
Xining to Lhasa was complete in the late 2005 and started
operating in the middle of 2006.
4 自主创新 Being self-reliant and
It is a new national strategy striving for reviving the
spirits of creation and innovation lost since the collapse
of the Ming dynasty.
5 社会主义荣辱观(八荣八耻) The socialist
outlook of honour and disgrace (eight honours
vs eight disgraces)
It is a sort of moral code promoted by President Hu Jintao
in 2006, aiming at tackling a destructive psychological
makeup derived from the reckless materialism and unmitigated
individualism wide spread since the 90s.
6 中非合作论坛 The Forum on China-Africa
The Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
was held in November with 48 African countries attending
the two-day gathering.
7 长征精神 The Spirits of Long March
In October 2006, China held a series of activities to
commemorate the 70th anniversary of Long March, a turning
point in the contemporary Chinese history.
8 消费税 GST
China announced, for the first time since it introduced
the GST in the context of overall tax reform 12 years ago,
the new rates of GST, taken effect April 1, 2006.
9 非物质文化遗产 Intangible cultural
Beijing Opera, one of China's cultural heritage
in 2006, China began to embrace the idea of intangible
cultural heritage and listed over 500 cultural heritage
items, including folklores, festivities, traditional music,
operas, arts and crafts.
10 倒扁 Dao
Bian, which literally means down
It is a mass movement in Taiwan calling for its leader
Chen Shui-bian to step down amidst the accusations of corruption
against his family and his close associates.
Part Two: National
1 《江泽民文选》The Selected Work of
Jiang was the head of China during the time when the country
experienced phenomenal growth in economy and alarming increase
2 创新型国家 The innovative nation
It is a broad effort to make China’s economic growth sustainable
through technology innovation.
3 公民道德建设 Promotion of the code
A campaign urges the public to observe the basic code
of ethics, including not to run red light and not to spit
4 两岸经贸论坛 The Trade Forum between
the Mainland and Taiwan
5 农村义务教育 Free education for rural
Students at a village school
After much talk in 2006, from the 2007, all children
living in China’s rural area are eligible to receive
nine-year compulsory education for free.
6 两岸农业合作 Agriculture co-operation
between the mainland and Taiwan
7 俄罗斯年 Russian Year
A culture-exchange feast to promote Russia in China was
held in 2006.
8 丛飞精神 Spirit of Cong Fei
A young Chinese pop singer called Cong Fei has touched
the heart of millions with his devotion to helping the
poor children finish their education at the time he was
suffering terminal illness. He died in 2006.
9 软实力 Soft power
Since the reform started decades ago, China’s translators
become probably the world’s most enthusiastic and devoted
introducers of everything Western to their own people,
while having bothered to do little in helping the world
to understand China and Chinese culture. The year 2006
sees China begin to take more initiatives to address the
cross-cultural exchange imbalance.
10 反腐倡廉 Fight against corruption
and advocate the uprightness
In 2006, China undertook strong measures against corruption
at the very top levels, including the purge
of the former chiefs of Shanghai and Qingdao.
Part Three: International
1 哈马斯 Hamas
As it constantly made its way onto the front pages of
newspapers around the world in 2006, so does it in China.
2 潘基文 Ban Ki-moon
As the former South Korean foreign minister is the second
Asian diplomats to be elected as the head of the United
Nations organisation, the appointment has generated quite
a lot of interest in China.
3 六方会谈 The Six-party Talks
The on and off Six-party Talks concerning the North Korea’s
nuclear program repeatedly made headlines in China.
4 卡斯特罗 Fidel Castro Ruz
The health states of Cuba’s President Fidel Alejandro
Castro Ruz made big news in China.
5 陈冯富珍 Margaret Chan
Dr. Chan is the first Chinese to head a UN agency and
has been formally appointed as the new head of the World
Health Organization early 2007, understandably, Chinese
6 伊朗核问题 Iran nuclear program
7 泰国政变 Thailand’s military coup
8 联合军演 joint military exercise
There are quite a few joint military exercises in 2006
that drew the media attention in China, including the ones
by China and Russia, by China and America, by China and
Vietnam, Lao, Pakistan and India and by America and Japan.
9 安倍访华 Shinzo Abe’s visit to
The relationship between the peoples and governments of
China and Japan turned frosty when Japan was under the
leadership of Junichiro Koizumi who visited the Yasukuni
Shrine annually. The shrine honours 2.5 million war dead,
including 14 convicted Class A war criminals who were responsible
for the invasion of and carnage in China. JK's visits,
in the context and tradition of subtle Eastern-style politics,
conveyed a loud message of mockery and ridicule to the
victims. But since Japan’s new prime minister Shinzo Abe
visited China in October 2006 and decided not to, so far,
offend the feelings of the victims by honouring their killers,
the relationship between the two countries slowly returns
to the normal.
10 朝鲜核试验 north Koran nuclear
five: science and technology
Explosion for Panda
most frequently used Terms (2)